Older men are portrayed more frequently on the job and with more job authority than other groups.In contrast, older women lack any clear occupational or familial roles and are the only group not associated with a socially valued schema.The popularity of, and the problems associated with, the research paradigm are considered.Over the years there has been a lot of research into the portrayal of men and women in television commercials [3-6].The apparatus comprises: 1) receiver circuitry for receiving audio-video data packets associated with a plurality of incoming television signals and extracting therefrom at least one data request data packet containing a first data request operable to retrieve a first requested profile datum from the stored viewer profile; and 2) an update controller for receiving the at least one data request data packet from the receiver circuitry and determining if the first requested profile datum is present in the viewer profile, wherein the update controller, in response to a determination that the first requested profile datum is not present in the stored viewer profile, displays on an associated television screen information related to the first requested profile datum.
All these studies were based on the Mc Arthur and Resko  content categories.
We investigate the cultural significance of this underrepresentation through comparisons of cultural schemas in advertising for age and gender.
Our multivariate analyses show that while there are significant gender differences, both younger women and younger men are shown in a diversity of contexts—namely in employment and a variety of domestic contexts.
Similar to previous studies, findings indicated that men were underrepresented in commercials of domestic products, and women were underrepresented in commercials of nondomestic products.
In fact, this form of gender bias was higher compared to Lovdal's data.
Generation M: media in the lives of 8-18 year-olds.