As the Internet industry continues to expand in China, the government continues to tighten controls on on-line expression.
As recently as July 11, 2001, President Jiang Zemin condemned the spread of "pernicious information" on the Net and called existing legislation "inadequate." Since 1995, when Chinese authorities began permitting commercial Internet accounts, at least sixty sets of regulations have been issued aimed at controlling Internet content.
HIV prevalence rose notably among MSM who were ≤25 years of age, never married, did not engage in sexual intercourse with women in the past six months, and had not been tested for HIV in the past year.
"We recognize that \[this inappropriate conduct and content\] is a common industrywide problem," MSN's Lisa Gurry said.HIV prevalence was much higher in MSM with current syphilis than without.Finally, current syphilis was the most significant predictor of HIV infection, and age was the most significant predictor of syphilis infection.The elaborate regulatory framework serves, however, as a statement of policy, a justification for monitoring and surveillance, a set of guidelines for what constitutes "illegal" activity, and a deterrent to Internet users.
The government's determination to censor on-line content has grown with Internet usage.In Brazil, Canada, Japan, and the United States, MSN's chat rooms will stay open, but users will need to participate in at least one paid MSN service, ensuring that Microsoft has users' credit card numbers and other personal information on file in the event of abuse.